Tarneeb, also spelled tarnibe and tarnib, and called hakam in the Persian Gulf region, is a plain trick-taking card game played in various Middle Eastern countries, most notably in the countries of the Levant, and Tanzania. Historically the game can be traced back to the Levant. The game may be considered a variation of Whist, or a version of Spades.
The aim is to win a set of continuous hands. There are four players in partnerships of two teams. A standard 52 card deck is used, each suit ranking in the usual way from Ace (high) down to two (low). The game is played anti-clockwise. Teams stay together for all the games of a set. In a tournament, at the end of a set, the losing team is replaced for the next set.
Partners sit opposite each other, often at a table in such a way that no player can see the cards of other players (see seating charting image). Either player of a team may collect the winning tricks.
The first dealer is chosen at random; thereafter the deal passes to the right. The cards are shuffled then cut by the player to the dealer's left, and are all dealt out beginning with first hand, the player to the dealer's right. Cards are dealt either singly or in packets of 13, so that everyone has 13 cards.
There is now a round of bidding with immediate raise. First hand opens and bidding continues anti-clockwise. Players may pass or make a bid for seven or more tricks. A bid for a higher number of tricks outranking one for a lower number. A player may bid once unless outbid by a later player, in which case the earlier player may raise. A player who has passed may not re-enter the auction.
Some circles allow partners to share how good their cards are i.e., helpful, not helpful at all. However, this is normally against the rules.
The objective of the declaring team is to take at least the number of tricks that they bid. The aim of the defenders is to hinder the declaring team from reaching their declared bid.
The player who won the auction leads to the first trick. In turn, players play a card to the trick and must follow suit if they can; otherwise may play any card. A trick is won by the highest tarneeb (trump) in it, if any. If there are no tarneebs in the trick, the highest card of the suit led wins it. The winner of a trick leads to the next.
In some regions, the declarer must start the first trick with his declared tarneeb suit.
Once all thirteen tricks are played, the scores of the two sides are calculated by adding the tricks each side has won. If the declaring side takes at least the number of tricks bid, then they score the number of tricks they have, otherwise, the bid is subtracted from their score and the opposing team scores the number of tricks they collected themselves. It is possible, therefore, to have a negative score. The set ends when one team reaches forty-one (41) and the losing team is replaced for the next set.
A team can also win the game by either making a set of 13 tricks.
- In some regions, a set ends when a team reaches 31 or 61 rather than 41.
- A team cannot win if 13 tricks are won if a lower bet was offered (in Falamanki Dubai as per Mr. Rabih)
- A team cannot win if their current score is below 0